God’s Names in the Bible
– Ten “Jehovah” Names You Can Rely On!
When we know who God really is and how He works in our lives, we will have confidence to fully trust Him.
This lesson actually builds on the one previous to it. We learned in that lesson that God’s very nature is communicated to us through the names used for him in the Old Testament. Knowing who God really is and how He works in our lives gives us confidence to fully trust Him. When we claim those names in our lives, we can depend on His character to sustain us through all of life.
Ten different names for God as “Jehovah” are included in this lesson. Study each name and its meaning, read the verses associated with each name, and take time to reflect upon how that specific name of God touches your life. God’s names reveal to us His very nature–He is waiting to meet you!
Jehovah: LORD, I am who I am
Of all the names of God used in the Old Testament, Jehovah is the name used most frequently. It was also transcribed as Yahweh and is the proper name of the God of Israel. Anytime LORD appears in all capital letters in your Bible, it is translated from the word Jehovah–“I am.”
Genesis 2:4: “This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.” (NIV)
In Exodus 3:14-15 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM … This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation.” (NIV)
Exodus 34:5-7: “Then the LORD came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name, the LORD. And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “THE LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished.”(NIV)
This is a very strong statement–“I am who I am”! What does it mean to you personally?
Because God Jehovah is “I am who I am”, I can
Jehovah-Jireh: The LORD provides
In Genesis 22:8-14 we see a picture of God as provider:
“Abraham answered, “God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.”
And the two of them went on together. When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. But the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, “Abraham! Abraham!”
“Here I am,” he replied.
“Do not lay a hand on the boy,” he said. “Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son.”
Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. So Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. And to this day it is said, “On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided.” (NIV)
What do you need God to provide for you today? Take time to ask Him!
Because God Jehovah is “The LORD provides”, I
Jehovah-Kaddesh: The LORD who makes you holy
Leviticus 20:7: “So set yourselves apart to be holy, for I am the Lord your God.” (NLT)
What does it mean to you to “set yourself apart to be holy”?
Because God Jehovah is “The LORD who makes you holy”, I
Jehovah-Nissi: The Lord is my banner
Exodus 17:15: “Moses built an altar there and named it Yahweh-Nissi (which means ‘the Lord is my banner’).” (NLT)
What does it mean to you to know that God is a “banner” over you?
• LORD, I am who I am
• The LORD provides
• The LORD who makes you holy
• The Lord is my banner
• The Lord is my Shepherd
• The LORD who heals
• The LORD of hosts
• The LORD is peace
• The LORD is there
• The LORD is our righteousness
Because God Jehovah is “The Lord is my banner”, I
Jehovah-Rohi: The Lord is my Shepherd
Psalm 23:1: “The Lord is my shepherd; I have all that I need.” (NLT)
Do you know anything about shepherds? If you don’t know anything at all, it might be a good idea to Google the word or look up the definition in a dictionary! As you think about what a shepherd is and does, what comes to your mind when you hear that the LORD is your “shepherd”?
In what ways are you like a sheep with God as your shepherd?
Because God Jehovah is “The Lord is my Shepherd”, I will
Jehovah-Rophe: The LORD who heals
Exodus 15:22-26: “Then Moses led the people of Israel away from the Red Sea, and they moved out into the desert of Shur. They traveled in this desert for three days without finding any water. When they came to the oasis of Marah, the water was too bitter to drink. So they called the place Marah (which means ‘bitter’).
Then the people complained and turned against Moses. ‘What are we going to drink?’ they demanded. So Moses cried out to the Lord for help, and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. Moses threw it into the water, and this made the water good to drink.
It was there at Marah that the Lord set before them the following decree as a standard to test their faithfulness to him. He said, ‘If you will listen carefully to the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in his sight, obeying his commands and keeping all his decrees, then I will not make you suffer any of the diseases I sent on the Egyptians; for I am the Lord who heals you.’” (NLT)
In what area of your life do you need healing?
The LORD who heals”, I will
Jehovah-Sabaoth: The LORD of hosts
“The Lord of hosts” actually represents the God of deliverance. The “hosts” are the angels of heaven. When there seemed to be no other source of deliverance, the children of Israel came to know God as Jehovah-Sabaoth. This term is used a great deal in the prophet books in the Old Testament of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Amos, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. It seems that is was when God’s chosen people found themselves failing and powerless, they realized their need for the Lord of hosts.
I Samuel 1:3: “Now this man would go up from his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of hosts in Shiloh.” (NASB)
Haggai 1:7: “Thus says the LORD of hosts, ‘Consider your ways!’” (NASB)
Psalm 46:7 “The LORD of hosts is with us, the God of Jacob is our stronghold.” (NASB)
What does it mean to you that God is “The Lord of hosts”?
Because God Jehovah is “The Lord of hosts”, I will
Jehovah-Shalom: The LORD is peace
Judges 6:24: “And Gideon built an altar to the Lord there and named it Yahweh-Shalom (which means ‘the Lord is peace’).” (NLT)
In what areas of your life do you need to experience God’s peace?
Because God Jehovah is “The LORD is peace”, I can
Jehovah-Shammah: The LORD is there
Ezekiel 48:35: “And the name of the city from that time on will be: THE LORD IS THERE.” (NIV)
God is everywhere! How can embracing this concept change your life on a day-to-day basis?
Because God Jehovah is “The LORD is there”, I will
Jehovah-Tsidkenu: The LORD is our righteousness
Jeremiah 23:6: “In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell securely; And this is His name by which He will be called, ‘The LORD our righteousness.’” (NASB)
What comes to mind when you think of the word “righteousness”?
Righteousness actually means to be right with God! It is more than goodness. It is to do what God says is right, to live according to His standards. God extended His righteousness to us when He allowed His only Son, Jesus Christ, to pay the penalty for our sins on the cross. When we accept Christ as our personal Savior, we are made righteous before God. Jesus saves us from our sins. We do not earn it–God is our righteousness!
Here’s a great resource for learning more about God’s names as they are presented in the Bible: Lord, I Want to Know You: A Devotional Study on the Names of God by Kay Arthur.
You can also go to: http://bible.org/article/names-god.
Because God Jehovah is “The LORD is our righteousness”, I will
As you consider each one of the ten names of God included in this study, which one is most real to you at this point in your life?
Which one seems the most unfamiliar to you?
Which one gives you most comfort?
Which one is most confusing?